Medley of Fruits
Are you suffering from sore eyes?
How to prevent IT
The onset of summer, after a cool winter, brings with it several maladies, the most common illness being an irritating condition which affects the eyes and which is painful and highly infectious - conjunctivitis.
Conjunctivitis or sore eyes, is a common eye condition affecting the Indian population, especially during summer. It is an inflammation of the conjunctiva and usually of infective or allergic origin. Conjunctivitis is the most common cause of red eye. It can be either due to some kind of infection or due to some kind of allergy in the eye. And the infection in the conjunctiva can be either bacterial or viral. Conjunctivitis can affect both adults and small children.
Different strains of bacteria are responsible for different types of conjunctivitis. The mode of transmission is through the use of articles which are used by patients who are suffering from the conjunctivitis. A person suffering from conjunctivitis should never touch his eye, eg. rub his eye and touch objects around him with the same hand.
Allergic conjunctivitis is more commonly seen in young children. These children are usually allergic to a variety of objects in the environment like pollens, sand particles, swimming pool, cosmetic powder, shampoo, soap etc.
The most common symptom of conjunctivitis is a red eye with watering and stickiness of lids due to discharge. The lids of the eye may get swollen. Generally the redness is seen in the white part of the eye but sometimes it may affect the black part of the eye (cornea) as well, and at such times it needs prompt treatment. Patients even have pain and some times irritation with the sensation that a foreign particle has entered the eye. Because of watering of the eyes, patients may have photophobia or intolerance to light.
When conjunctivitis occurs in one eye, very often, the other eye also gets infected soon after or simultaneously. Vision is usually not affected but when conjunctivitis is severe, it may cause blurred vision. The infection usually lasts for around 10 days, but sometimes it may go up to even 20 days.
The standard treatment prescribed to patients suffering from conjunctivitis is the application of eye drops. Antibiotic drops should be applied a number of times a day in both eyes. The antibiotic drops take care of the infection while lubricating eye drops give a soothing effect to the eyes. Steroid drops can also be given but only under the supervision of a doctor.
How to survive a heart attack
Coughing repeatedly and vigorously is helpful to jerk the heart into action. A deep breath should be taken before each cough. The cough must be deep and prolonged, as when producing sputum from deep inside the chest and should be repeated about every two seconds without let up until help arrives or until the heart begins beating normally again. Deep breaths get oxygen into the lungs and coughing movements squeeze the heart and keep the blood circulating. In this way a heart attack patient can administer first aid to himself.
Sex in summer
Foods that heals
Papayas are excellent for treating skin problems because of their high beta-carotene content and their generous provision of Vitamin C helps the body's defence mechanisms. They are also a useful food for invalids, the flesh being soft and easy to chew.
Their most important constituent is an enzyme called papain, which is a great aid to digestion, although present in larger quantities in the unripe fruit.
And the next time you eat a papaya, save the seeds, as they make an unusual spicy flavouring when added to pickles, vinegars and oils. Papaya leaves are used in the treatment of wounds, boils and leg ulcers, and the seeds are used as a traditional remedy for worms.
2 minute clinic
What is cholesterol?
How is cholesterol useful to the body?
What are the types of cholesterol?
How can you get more good cholesterol and less bad cholesterol?
And how does one know if he/she has high levels of LDL?
Don't put your heads together!
As the weather warms up, the incidence of head lice is said to increase... The sorry part is that those infested with these parasites often do little to get rid of them and happily pass them on to others!
The most common places to pick up lice from are seats at cinema houses, public transport and schools/colleges where buddies often put their heads together. Once on good ground, it is very difficult to get rid of lice unless one goes for the right treatment now available at chemists stores.
There are many kinds of blood-feeding insects which bite people, cause annoyance, skin reaction and disease. Of these, lice are most closely associated with humans. Lice are small, wingless, grayish-white and about 1/16 to 1/8 inch long. Human head lice infestations known as "pediculosis" affect persons of all ages, whether rich or poor.
Contrary to popular belief, they may temporarily infest anyone, regardless of their level of cleanliness or economic status. Nits are louse eggs. They are small (about 1/32-inch), white to cream colour. Nits are often the first sign of a head lice infestation. Head lice glue their eggs to the base of the hair shaft, frequently behind the ears or on the nape of the neck.
How do head lice spread?
The head louse commonly infests school children since there is close contact with each other at school and at play and social interactions with each other (e.g., sharing hats, combs and brushes). Adult lice spread mainly by direct head-to-head contact with an infested person or stray hairs containing nits, personal items such as wigs, combs, hair brushes, hair rollers, helmets, headphones, towels, pillowcases and clothing, especially hats, sweaters, scarves, etc.
What are the health implications of having head lice?
Due to the itchiness caused by lice and the continuous scratching by the nails, the germs from the nails can enter the scalp and can cause infections. Usually in severe situations, scarred, hardened, pigmented skin known as "Vagabond's Disease" may occur along with a rash and swollen lymph glands in the neck or under the arms.
Children in whom the lice infestation is most common may become depressed and irritable. They may not perform well in their studies and extra-curricular activities due to social embarrassment and psychological tension.
Can a person get head lice repeatedly?
What are the methods of controlling lice?
Diet retards growth of HIV virus
A healthy diet may retard the growth of the deadly HIV virus and help the infected people live a better life by boosting their energy levels and immune system, two UN agencies have stated. By strengthening the immune system and boosting energy levels, balanced nutrition could help the body defend against the ravages of the disease, WHO and Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) said in a joint manual.
Those affected by HIV/AIDS need more protein to rebuild muscle tissue, more energy-rich food for weight gain, immune system-boosting vitamins and minerals and water to combat dehydration.
Despite blunted appetites and difficulties in eating, people living with HIV/AIDS need to eat considerably more food to fight the illness and make up for weight loss.
Recognising the relationship between infection and nutrition, the manual also offers simple and practical dietary suggestions for the estimated 42 million people living with HIV/AIDS. The manual focuses on ways of easing the symptoms of HIV/AIDS such as lack of appetite, tiredness and soreness of mouth by suggesting recipes for soups, teas and stews using fruit and vegetables that grow in the rural areas of the developing world.
Developing countries, which are home to about 95 per cent of people with HIV/AIDS, do not have adequate healthcare resources to fight the disease. So the best way for them to respond to the illness is to maintain as balanced a diet as possible. "Food isn't a magic bullet. It won't stop people dying of AIDS...
But, it can help them live longer, more comfortable and more productive lives," director of the FAO's Food and Nutrition Division, Mr. Kraisid Tontisirin said.
The manual says that AIDS creates a vicious circle of physical decay -- the disruption of nutrient absorption suppresses the appetite and metabolism that leads to the deterioration of muscles, organs and tissues, thereby creating a susceptibility to secondary infections and other stresses that increase bodily demands for energy and nutrients that can't be absorbed.
The WHO has released this manual hoping that it will be adapted by AIDS-affected communities and that it will make people aware of the vital role played by nutrition for someone living with HIV or AIDS.
What should I do to avoid premature ejaculation?
(Send your queries to 'Sexline', c/o Afternoon or fax them on 22870371. All queries answered by Dr. Shirish Malde, Diplomate: American Board of Sexology)